A small miniature from the Russian annals of the 17th century depicts the process of making coins. From this it is known that silver billets were first smelted in a crucible, and then they were minted, holding the hot billet in special tongs. The big omission on the part of the chronicler is the moment that he did not show how to drag the wire, cut it and plyuschat to get blanks.
Before the reform, two types of money were minted – Novgorod money and Moscow money. Continue reading
The most difficult thing in any business is to start. An experienced person does not ask such questions, he already knows everything and intuitively performs the necessary actions. From the most difficult to elementary. But for a beginner, just a titanic effort is to make even the easiest thing. And all this because of insecurity. The same thing happens in a hobby called numismatics.
What is numismatics? This is a collection of coins. Nothing more to say. It is clear that this is not a collection of coins in your wallet after putting on the subway, but a collection of ancient and valuable coins from different historical periods. Continue reading
Gold coins at all times were considered something akin to God. People fought for the wealth and possession of countless gold coins in their treasury. Gold is the most precious metal, and gold coins are the most precious in human life.
In general, gold marked the beginning of the monetary system, as we now know about it. After all, before gold was used only as a material for the manufacture of any jewelry, when there was still a natural exchange. Then he went to the minting of coins. Continue reading