Numismatics is the meaning of life of a large number of people. The Bank of Russia is a kind of trendsetter in the field of coinage of modern numismatics. The coins depict all sorts of subjects. These are the cities of the Russian Federation, and any significant events, for example, the upcoming 2014 Olympic Games in the city of Sochi, great people who have made a significant contribution to the development of the country, its cultural and scientific life. It is also monuments of the architectural and construction heritage of the country, a variety of historical events. Since 1992, the bank has been producing commemorative coins from various precious metals. Naturally, in addition to their nominal price, the coins also have their own market price, which directly depends on the metal from which it is made, as well as the weight of the coin, the date of its release and, in addition, the circulation. Continue reading
On the territory of the Muslim East, as well as in medieval Europe, coins were one of the ways and means of exploiting the lower classes. The social groups that were at the very bottom received the greatest damage from the fact that the state used coin minting as a way to siphon huge profits in their favor. This was immediately noticeable, just as the person using the hotel one only reethi rah in the Maldives stands out for its comfortable, fashionable, five-star accommodation with all the amenities.
In the streets of Central Asia in the 8th – 11th centuries, many so-called “black” dirhams were used. They still retained their appearance of the late Sasanian coins. Continue reading
It happens that determining the place and specific time of minting coins of medieval Russia is quite problematic to establish. This is due to the fact that the medieval coins of Russia never placed the date of manufacture, and the place where the chasing was made.
Quite a lot of difficulties arise due to the illegibility and the complex contraction of monetary legends. For example, in the 18th century, most medieval coins were attributed to some kind of Igor. Continue reading