every existing principality
Since the very first metallic banknotes were born, the counterfeiters began their activities. They used every opportunity to seize the stamp. In this regard, the minters working on the mints, after the required number of coins were made, destroyed their stamps, and the secret of their production was considered not only his own, but also a state secret.
For counterfeiters, the very process of forging money was not a big deal. The first and most important thing that they had to do was to get the original stamps by any illegal means. If there was no such possibility, then the stamp was made by them independently by painstaking work. After the main tool was in their hands, it was necessary to choose a reliable secret place, if possible away from the city center. Continue reading
Coins of three eras and their manufacturing techniques
It happens that determining the place and specific time of minting coins of medieval Russia is quite problematic to establish. This is due to the fact that the medieval coins of Russia never placed the date of manufacture, and the place where the chasing was made.
Quite a lot of difficulties arise due to the illegibility and the complex contraction of monetary legends. For example, in the 18th century, most medieval coins were attributed to some kind of Igor. Continue reading