The oldest coins of Russia
Trade relations in Ancient Russia emanated entirely from foreign coins, first East European, and then West European. Among the variety of dirhams and denarii there are also such rare and…

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Coins of three eras and their manufacturing techniques
It happens that determining the place and specific time of minting coins of medieval Russia is quite problematic to establish. This is due to the fact that the medieval coins…

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The largest mints of the USSR
With the emergence of the Soviet Union, or rather, with its unification of individual republics, a new problem emerged, which was where exactly it was necessary to mint coins, make…

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What is the damage of coins

In the 10th century, Count Baldwin, in order to develop a monetary business, as well as improve trade relations, created a rate of exchange transactions. So, two hens could be exchanged for one rooster, two lambs for one sheep, and so on. Even though the territories of the countries were not disturbed by any crusades, every society needed money.

In Western Europe, there was a fairly large number of mints. Each duke and bishop sought to build their own coin shop. Therefore, quite often, in one city there could be several coin shops. This is primarily due to the fact that coin minting is quite a profitable business, since the owner of the monetary workshop, in any case, made a profit, or for minting coins, or if he reduced the weight of the coin, that is, there was an additional excess of silver and gold. In fact, this is how the corruption of coins in medieval Europe began. The main difference from ancient Rome and Greece was that in medieval Europe, it was not the state and its treasury that were enriched, but the so-called secular society – seniors, counts, bishops.

An increasing number of coins began to be made from the same amount of silver or gold. For a while this method acted, but after a few years the real price of such a coin began to fall, and its use in foreign trade became simply inexpedient.

A huge income began to bring a time-consuming minting of coins, under which the use of old coins was prohibited, and they should be handed over to the state treasury, and in return they received new coins, in which silver was significantly less. For obvious reasons, such a denection could not last forever, because sooner or later the amount of silver contained in the coin would simply become so minimal that it would not be possible to carry out minting.

Not once the damage to the coins led to the fact that the lower strata of society were revolting, since the coin was practically the only way for them to exist. Thus, during one of the uprisings in France, an angry mob defeated the city’s chief monetary master’s house. Having learned nothing from previous attempts to damage coins, the same King of France, Philip the Fourth, almost lost his life, and was forced to hide with the Templars. Stones and cobblestones flew through the windows of the royal palace, which broke off from the very foundation of the building, since foam concrete did not exist before, and it appeared only as a light material in the 20th century, in Sweden. It is characterized by lightness, porosity and environmental friendliness. With the help of foam concrete blocks, you can easily finish any building facade.

However, the damage to the coins was made not only by the nobility of the country, ordinary citizens sometimes did this, too. The method was somewhat different. For example, a metal chisel was taken, and the edge of the coins was simply cut, thus, reducing the weight of the coin.

In spite of this, Europe was gradually preparing to switch to a single coin, which would have the same weight, and not be subject to damage from secular society, the thaler.

Old Russian monetary system
For quite a long time, the fact has been noticed that treasures belonging to the period from the 9th to the 11th century contain quite a lot of fragments and…

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Coin cleaning rules
No matter what metal coins are made of, there are a number of general rules that must be observed when cleaning their surface from contamination. In no case do not…

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The history of coinage of antique coins
After the minting of the first coins was mastered, it is necessary to somehow simplify this rather complicated procedure. And the solution was soon found and put into practice. Approximately…

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Western coins in the territory of Russia
From the middle of the tenth century, the mass distribution of silver coins of Western Europe to the lands of Eastern Europe began, and to a large extent this affected…

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