Coin cleaning rules
No matter what metal coins are made of, there are a number of general rules that must be observed when cleaning their surface from contamination. In no case do not…

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The history of coinage of antique coins
After the minting of the first coins was mastered, it is necessary to somehow simplify this rather complicated procedure. And the solution was soon found and put into practice. Approximately…

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Coins of Queen Victoria and the dynasty of her court medalists
On January 2, 1901, at the turn of the two greatest in the history of mankind, the heart of a little old woman, Queen Victoria, stopped beating. Ended the longest…

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expelled from the country

First counterfeiters

Since the very first metallic banknotes were born, the counterfeiters began their activities. They used every opportunity to seize the stamp. In this regard, the minters working on the mints, after the required number of coins were made, destroyed their stamps, and the secret of their production was considered not only his own, but also a state secret.

For counterfeiters, the very process of forging money was not a big deal. The first and most important thing that they had to do was to get the original stamps by any illegal means. If there was no such possibility, then the stamp was made by them independently by painstaking work. After the main tool was in their hands, it was necessary to choose a reliable secret place, if possible away from the city center. Continue reading

Peter I reform
Everyone knows that Peter the Great was a great reformer. Among his innovations, we can highlight the fact that he first came up with the idea to celebrate the New…

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Coins of three eras and their manufacturing techniques
It happens that determining the place and specific time of minting coins of medieval Russia is quite problematic to establish. This is due to the fact that the medieval coins…

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Numismatics. Railway is dedicated to ...
Coins for millennia are not only a means of payment, but also the subject of art coinage. Since ancient times, each state on the main side of its banknote has…

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Old Russian monetary system
For quite a long time, the fact has been noticed that treasures belonging to the period from the 9th to the 11th century contain quite a lot of fragments and…

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